Historical Events that Occurred in the Month of Ramadan
#1: The Beginning of Revelation to the Prophet
Perhaps, what is worth noting here is that the beginning of the said 23-year period was in Ramadan. The first 5 verses of Sūrah al-‘Alaq, which marked the first to be revealed to the Prophet ṣallā Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam in the Cave of Ḥirā’ in Makkah were brought by Jibrīl ‘alayhi al-salām on the 17th of Ramadan.
This is the greatest event history has ever recorded. Prophethood was bestowed upon the Leader of all Prophets and Messengers. The Master of the children of Adam ‘alayhi al-salām was sent to guide mankind.
#2: First Woman to Accept Islam Emerged
That marked the first Ramadan in the age of Islam. And a woman was there to be the first to embrace it and support it with her strength, possessions and influence.
In addition to being the first woman to accept Islam, Sayyidah Khadījah raḍiya Allāhu ‘anhā was also the first person to accept Islam. This means, a woman was the first to accept Islam (among men and women).
#3: The Passing of Khadijah and Abi Talib
They devoted their influence, wealth, as protection to support and assist the Prophet ṣallā Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam, and to ensure he achieved what he aimed for; spreading the message of Islam. Here, it’s worth indicating, that as much as we can evidently prove that Sayyidatunā Khadījah raḍiya Allāhu ‘anhā embraced Islam and had died as Muslimah, we have no evidence that Abu Tālib embraced Islam, nor did his pass on as a Muslim.
#4: The Battle of Badr
The Battle of Badr, which specifically occurred on the 17th of Ramadan, was also the first fight the Muslims had to experience. The reason for its occurrence was to stop a convoy of Quraysh, which carried their trade goods from Lavant (present day Syria and its surrounding). These goods were made up of the wealth of the Muslim which were taken from them when they were forced out of their homes to migrate to Madinah.
#5: The Killing of Abu Jahl
With that, Abu Jahl managed to fuel the emotions of Quraysh and convince them for the occurrence of the battle for them to also save their pride in the eyes of the rest of Arab tribes.
While he was arrogantly commanding for the war, he didn’t know that he was about to perish in that very battle. (Just don’t confuse Abū Jahl with Abū Lahab.) Together with Abū Jahl, perished in the battle are the notorious Ummayyah ibn Khalaf and al-‘Āṣ ibn Hishām ibn al-Mughīrah and many others.
#6: The Conquest of Makkah (Fatḥ Makkah)
Muslims who were chased out of their homes (in Makkah) returned home, and Islam went back to continue spreading, at the place where it was first revealed. With the occurrence of Fatḥ Makkah, Ka‘bah was once again dedicated to what it was first built for; worshiping Allah alone. All idols that were setup inside the House were removed and demolished.
With Fatḥ Makkah, the state of Islam was strengthened, and all those who ganged up to displace Islam had to rethink, and many of them, eventually accepted Islam.
#7: Sayyidinā al-Hassan ibn Ali Was Born
Sayyidunā al-Hasan was the first child of Sayyidinā ‘Ali and Fāṭimah raḍiya Allāhu ‘anhumā. He is the one who saved the Ummah from an internal big war (fitnah) when he gave up power to Mu‘āwiyah ibn Abī Sufyān raḍiya Allāhu ‘anhumā. The latter incident also occurred in Ramadan.
An event related to this is the assassination of Sayyidinā ‘Ali raḍiya Allāhu ‘anhu. It was after his assassination that leadership of the Ummah was transferred to al-Hasan, who, on his part gave it up, to Mu‘āwiyah.
#8: Sayyidatinā ‘Āishah Was Awarded with a Certificate of Modesty and Purity
On their way back from the battle of Muraisī‘ (or Banī al-Muṣṭaliq), which occurred in the month of Sha‘bān, Sayyidah ‘Āishah raḍiya Allāhu ‘anhā was accidently left behind without any vehicle for her to return by herself. A man among the companions, who usually makes final checks in places of rest, to ensure nothing was left behind saw her.
Without uttering a word, and with no exchange of words, he lowered his camel for her to ride, and he then led her back to Madinah. Upon their arrival, the hypocrites of Madinah started spreading rumours accusing her of adultery. This continued for more than a month, and eventually a declaration of her innocence was brought down by Jibrīl ‘alayhi al-salām.
That served as one of the best award of certification in modesty and purity.
#9: Fāṭimah Raḍiya Allāhu ‘anhā Passed On in Ramadan
It’s reported that she was 16 years when she married Sayyidanā ‘Ali raḍiya Allāhu ‘anhu. And that was four months and a half after the battle of Badr. She left behind Sayyidunā al-Hasan, al-Husayn, Muḥsin and Ummu Kulthūm raḍiya Allāhu ‘anhum. She was the first in the Prophet’s household to pass on after his passing, ṣallā Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam.
#10: Sayyidatunā ‘Āisha Raḍiya Allāhu ‘Anhā Passed On in Ramadan
Ṣayyidah ‘Āishah the daughter of Sayyidinā Abī Bakr raḍiya Allāhu ‘anhumā was the most popular among all the wives of the Prophet ṣallā Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam. She was also the most learned woman of her time. When the companions doubted about any ruling in Islam, the best who could give them a certain response used to be Sayyidah ‘Āishah raḍiya Allāhu ‘anhā. To the effect that some scholars are of the opinion that a quarter of the teachings of Islam were narrated by Sayyidah ‘Āishah raḍiya Allāhu ‘anhā.
#11: Imām al-Bukhārī Passed on in Ramadan
Imām al-Bukhārī was gifted with a very sharp memory, which enabled him to memorize 100,000 authentic ḥadīth and another 200,000 unauthentic ones. He devoted his life in preserving the Sunnah of the Prophet ṣallā Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam. To the extent that a man once saw the Prophet in his dream and the Prophet was walking with Imām al-Bukhārī behind him. Whenever the Prophet ṣallā Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam lifted his noble feet, Imām al-Bukhārī stepped in the spot where the Prophet just lifted his noble feet.
Imām al-Bukhārī authored several books, the most famous of which is commonly called Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī collected the most authentic ḥadīth of the Prophet, to the best of his knowledge. Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī is referred to as the most authentic book after the Qur’an.
Imām al-Bukhārī was buried on the day of Eid, after Ẓuhr prayers.
#12: Imām ibn Mājah Passed on in Ramadan
Famously known as Ibn Mājah, Abū ‘Abdullāh Muḥammad ibn Yazīd ibn ‘Abdullāh al-Rab‘ī al-Qazvīnī, was born in 209H to a Persian family in Qazvin (Iran).
He’s the author of the famous Sunan ibn Mājah, a collection of hadīth which is widely considered to be the sixth of the six recognized collection of ḥadīth (al-Kutub al-Sittah) of the Sunnah of the Prophet ṣallā Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sllam. His Sunan consists of 4341 aḥādīth in 37 books.